RS-232 to RS-485 interface converter

PURPOSE


RS-232 to RS-485 interface converter (RS-232 to RS-485 and backwards) is intended for conversion of signals from RS-232 interface to signals of RS-485 interface and backwards. Converter contains 2 separate independent conversion channels.

RS-232 to RS-485 Interface Converter (RS-232 to RS-485 and backwards) Click on image to enlarge


TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS


Specification:

Voltage +12 V DC, +5 V DC
Current consumption 250 mA max
Temperature range from 0°C to +40°C
Weight 120 g
Overall dimensions 145 x 100 x 20 mm


Communication ports:

RS-232 port RS-232 (can be switched to RTS control)
RS-485 port Half-duplex (2-wire) or full-duplex (4-wire)


Features:

Channels Converter contains 2 separate independent channels
Galvanic isolation Receiver and transmitter are galvanically isolated
RTS control RS-232 port can receive RTS control, for cases when it does not, a RTS generating chip should be installed


CONNECTION SCHEME


RS-232 to RS-485 interface converter (RS-232 to RS-485 and backwards)

ORDER INFORMATION


RS-232/RS-485 Interface Converter (RS-232 to RS-485 and backwards)   RS-232 to RS-485 Interface Converter PCB board
Order code: RS2322-PCB-001

Frequently asked questions


1. What are the installation requirements for the petrol station?

 

WARNING! Manufacturer guarantees reliable and stable operation of products only at compliance with below requirements. In case of absence of uninterruptible power supply or incorrect wiring of products to it any claims to malfunction of software are not accepted.


1. Requirements to power supply

The described products come into structure of control system (POS) for petrol station. Power supply of the products should be done from a separate power supply with built-in filter of radio frequency interferences and limiter of high voltage pulse interferences. Power supply should have a safety factor of 1.5.

At emergency switching off the power supply or in case of power voltage exceeding its permitted ranges the products can switch off with loss or corruption of data and possible damage of hardware and software. Power supply of all electronic blocks of POS and electronic pumpheads of dispensers, which are connected through information lines, should be made from single common uninterruptible power supply source (UPS). Connection of other devices to given UPS is strictly prohibited. UPS should be of continuous action (online) and work with double conversion with output voltage regulation. UPS should have a safety factor of 1.5. Filter of radio frequency interferences and limiter of high voltage pulse interferences should be used for feeding equipment from UPS.

Supply of electronic pumpheads of dispensers should be made from the UPS unit using 3-wires scheme with isolated neutral through dedicated two-pole breaker for each dispenser. Connection of other parts of dispenser to UPS unit (expect electronic pumpheads) is strictly prohibited.

UPS unit should be connected to a separate three-pole socket fed through the three-wire feeder (phase, neutral, ground wires) with insulated neutral from a dedicated circuit breaker of switchboard. Feeder coming from the switchboard to the socket should located not closer than 0.3 meters to other feeders. The socket should be located at a distance of not more than 1 meter away from the POS. Phase wire of the feeder should not have any other consumer, which are sources of interferences (for example motors).

For protection of POS and UPS from secondary effects of atmospheric electricity it is required to install high-voltage arresters (dischargers) at the transformer substation or on poles of power lines.


2. Requirements to grounding

In the switchboard the ground wire of feeder socket should be connected to the grounding screw, which should be connected by means of welding with a protection grounding circuit of petrol station by steel wire with a diameter of not less than 5 mm.

Protection grounding circuit of petrol station should correspond to safety requirements and be separated from the station lightning protection circuit. Distance from the nearest electrode of protection grounding circuit to electrode of lightning protection circuit must be at least 10 meters. Resistance of the protection grounding circuit should be not more than 4 Ohms and must be confirmed by the test report. Length of wires from the switchboard to the nearest electrode of protection grounding circuit should not exceed 15 meters.


3. Requirements to laying of cable communications

Laying of power and information wires to dispensers should be done in separate pipes with distance of not less than 0.3 meters between each other. For informational wires (current loops, RS-485, other interfaces) it is recommended to use shielded twisted-pair cables (recommended type – FTP CAT 5E). The cable shield must be connected to the ground connector on one side only – on the side of the dispenser.

Cables for power supply of pumpheads and for connection of slowdown valves should be multicore flexible cables with conductor cross-section of at least 0.75 mm2


Wiring connections diagramClick on image to enlarge

2. Is it possible to connect RS-232 to RS-485 interface converter directly to personal computer?

Yes, you can connect RS-232 to RS-485 interface converter to COM-port of personal computer.

3. Can the RS-232 to RS-485 interface converter convert vice versa: from RS-485 into RS-232?

Yes, both conversion into directions is supported without necessity to change anything in the converter.

4. What wires are used for connection of the RS-232 to RS-485 interface converter with dispensers? Are the wires supplied together with the converter?

RS-232 to RS-485 interface converter is supplied without cables for connection to dispensers. For connection to dispensers you will have to prepare the cablings yourself. You can use any standard FTP cable with twisted pair and aliminium foil for screening (like FTP CAT 5E) for connection.

5. How to power supply the RS-232 to RS-485 interface converter? Is the power supply source supplied together with converter?

RS-232 to RS-485 interface converter uses 12 V DC and h5 V DC for feeding. Maximum current consumption is 250 mA.

Power supply source is not supplied together with a RS-232 to RS-485 interface converter. The power supply should be selected locally. This is connected with a reason that different countries may have different electricity network specifics: frequency and voltage.

At selection of the power supply you need to pay attention to the following 2 factors:

  • output voltage of power supply should be 12 V DC and 5 V DC (you can use standard PC power suppy source)
  • maximum allowed current consumption of power supply should be more that maximum current consumption of the converter. If several devices are connected to the same power source - then their total current consumption should be less than maximum allowed current consumption of power supply.

6. What is the communication protocol used in RS-232 to RS-485 interface converter?

RS-232 to RS-485 interface converter does not have a communication protocol. It serves for conversion of the interface and improve transmission between the control system and dispensers.


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